Scientists are reporting that aggressive cuts are needed to be made in order to save mammals from extinction. Polar bears will struggle to survive by 2100 due to the melting sea ice which they rely on to catch their prey. Researchers found that this would mean food would become less accessible to polar bears and they would ultimately begin fasting, affecting cubs the worst and making it unlikely for them to survive.
In recent articles, researchers have expressed their concerns for whales as studies have shown that there are less than 250 whales left in the North Atlantic ocean, leaving them on the verge of extinction as their status moves from endangered to critically endangered. The sea which is considered to be the feeding ground of the right whale in the North Atlantic ocean has warmed three times faster than the rest of the world’s oceans, leaving whales struggling to adapt to their new, warmer habitat.
In addition to ocean warming, climate change has resulted in a lobster boom, bringing more fishing into the whales habitat. Ultimately it is the activity of human beings which is pushing whales to extinction.
There are endless other species which are endangered due to changes within their ecosystem or simply due to the effects of pollution. Hunting also plays a significant role in endangered animals; a key example is Rhinos which are in grave danger due to the desire for their horns. They are already at a disadvantage due to the destruction of their homes, but predators put them at an even further disadvantage. Most of the remaining rhinos are no longer living in the wildlife due to the threats they face and are currently living in zoos or protected conservation areas. As it is the human species which are damaging rhinoceroses, there should be higher sanctions put into place for committing offences against animals and their habitats.
Whilst climate change unarguably affects animals more than we realise, it is also important to recognise the destruction we are doing to animals as human beings. For example loggerhead turtles have become endangered not just due to drowning in items like fishing nets but due to the things we desire such as our luxuries. For example, populated Turkish beaches and hotels being built on their breeding grounds of which they lay eggs are a significant factor of the disappearance of loggerhead turtles. Whilst warmer weather may be something we consider to be beneficial to us, warmer weather could mean there are excess female turtles and not enough males to mate with.
As a collective we should be working together to save animals by being conscious of the decisions we make and how they may affect the wildlife. Authorities should also be giving more recognition and implementing further regulations that could be put into place which could ease, and eventually prevent, the extinction of many animals. Raising awareness in general to the danger they encounter is imperative as the lack of education alone contributes to the lack of protection of many species.