Over the course of the pandemic, it has become clear that ethnic minorities have shouldered the biggest burden of death and serious illness from COVID-19. Initially, it was thought that the explanation could be the greater risk within BAME communities for several predisposing health conditions. However, new research by the Office for National Statistics has found that this cannot fully account for the ethnic differences, and identified that where they live and their jobs play an important role. People from certain ethnic minorities are more likely to be key workers than white people, placing them at greater risk of exposure. BAME groups are also more likely to live in deprived areas, where COVID-19 thrives due to common overcrowding and reduced healthcare access. These new findings highlight the need for further work to protect those most vulnerable to the effects of the pandemic.